Skip to main content

API Occupational Safety and Health Standards

API是全球领先的石油和天然气行业标准制定机构。经过美国国家标准协会(ANSI)的认证,API已经发布了近700个统一的标准来管理石油和天然气行业的各个部分。其中包括有关安全、设备、操作、有效水管理、泄漏预防和环境保护的标准、指南和建议实践。许多API标准和惯例被纳入联邦和州的石油和天然气法规,它们是国际监管机构引用最多的石油行业标准。

在我们不断改进石油和天然气作业的过程中,并在现有API石油和天然气开采相关标准和实践的基础上,API制定了以下标准,以帮助石油和天然气行业促进人员和公共安全。文件的目的是为从事石油和天然气开发(包括钻井作业和修井作业)的人员提供促进和维护安全健康工作条件的实践和程序建议。API标准为公司提供了一个框架或出发点,以建立适合其独特操作需求的个人安全计划。公司的程序经常超出API标准。

For more information on the API standards process or to purchase one of the below standards, please go to API’sStandards Section.


API Recommended Practice 54 – Recommended Practice for Occupational Safety for Oil and Gas Well Drilling and Servicing Operations

The American Petroleum Institute has released thefourth edition of Recommended Practice 54 (RP 54), Occupational Safety and Health for Oil and Gas Well Drilling and Servicing Operations, which provides procedures for promoting and maintaining safe and healthy working conditions for personnel in drilling and well servicing operations.

本文件适用于旋转钻机、修井钻机和与现场作业相关的特殊服务。本版推荐实施规程54于1981年首次发布,对其进行了重大修订,其中包括关于回流操作的新章节,回流操作是安全试井的关键,修订了设施和现场工艺危害评估和缓解的要求,以及引入正式的风险评估,以及扩大离岸业务准备金。

第4版| 2019年2月


API Recommended Practice 74 – Recommended Practice for Occupational Safety for Onshore Oil and Gas Production Operations

API RP 74推荐实践和程序promoting and maintaining safe working conditions for personnel engaged in onshore oil and gas production operations, including special services. Pages: 23

1st Edition | October 2001 | Reaffirmed: January 2013


API Recommended Practice 75 – Recommended Practice for Development of a Safety and Environmental Management Program for Offshore Operations and Facilities

The 4th edition of API Recommended Practice 75, Recommended Practice for a Safety and Environmental Management System for Offshore Operations and Assets, provides guidance for establishing, implementing, maintaining, and continually improving a safety management system (SEMS) for offshore oil and gas operations. The new edition expands the reach of SEMS globally, to contractors and sub-contractors, as well as acknowledges advancements in technology and advancements to improve risk management.

第4版| 2019年12月


API Bulletin 75L – Guidance Document for the Development of a Safety and Environmental Management System for Onshore Oil and Natural Gas Production Operations and Associated Activities

这个建议提供一般信息nd guidance for the development of a safety and environmental management system (SEMS) for onshore oil and natural gas operations, including drilling, production, and well servicing activities. Although there is an extensive amount of information that has been developed on the topic of safety and environmental management systems, this document focuses on this industry sector to help foster continuous improvement in our industry’s safety and environmental performance. It is recognized that many onshore oil and natural gas companies have effective SEMS in place; however, the intent of this document is to provide an additional tool that can assist these and especially other operators in taking the next step toward implementing a complete system at a pace that complements their business plan. For those who already have a mature SEMS in place, this document can be used for continuous improvement of the system. Pages: 12

1st Edition | November 2007


API推荐实施规程76–石油和天然气钻井和生产作业的承包商安全管理

API RP 76 is intended to assist operators, contractors, and subcontractors (third parties) in the implementation of a contractor safety program and improve the overall safety performance while preserving the independent contractor relationship. It is intended for the Upstream Segment of the petroleum industry; however, since the operator requirements and the contracted work are diverse, this publication may not be applicable to all operations at each company or to all contract work performed in those operations. Many oil and gas exploration and production companies contract for equipment and personnel services for a wide range of activities, including drilling production, well servicing, equipment repair, maintenance, and construction. Certain activities of contractors have the potential to take place either contractor and/or operator personnel and/or equipment at risk. It is important that operations are carried out in a safe manner. Operators and contractors need to provide safe work places and to protect the safety of their work places and to protect the safety of their workforces and the general public. When they work together to improve safety, both benefit. Pages: 60

2nd Edition | November 2007 | Reaffirmed: January 2013


API Recommended Practice 77 - Risk-based Approach for Managing Hydrocarbon Vapor Exposure during Tank Gauging, Sampling, and Maintenance of Onshore Production Facilities

This standard covers recommended risk assessment and risk management practices to reduce the potential for acute worker hydrocarbon exposures, and related atmospheric risks (i.e., potential oxygen deficiency). Specifically, this recommended practice is limited to onshore production tanks (including flowback tanks) during gauging and sampling, open-top tank sampling, and select tank maintenance activities involving removal or opening of tank appurtenances. While the tools and practices recommended in this document can be useful in other operations, this recommended practice does not specifically apply to downstream, refining, or offshore tank applications. Pages: 30

第一版| 2018年6月


API标准2220–承包商安全绩效流程

协助业主和承包商制定、改进和维护他们的共同安全计划。广泛多样的承包商职能和用途可能包括居民、非居民、长期和短期承包商。这些共同点是需要有效的安全计划,以保护业主和承包商人员免受工伤和疾病,以及与承包商工作引起的事故相关的损失。本标准旨在帮助业主和承包商在保持独立承包商关系的同时,提高承包商的安全绩效。它是为石油和石化工业以及为其履行合同工作的公司开发的。

承包商在石油和石化行业从事各种各样的工作。一些执行施工和周转活动或钻井和修井;专业承包商提供的技能和服务通常在业主的劳动力中找不到。承包商甚至可以提供服务,提高业主劳动力的峰值负荷和技能,如设施的维护和操作。由于业主现场和承包工程不同,本标准可能不适用于每家公司的所有作业或在这些作业中执行的所有承包工程。因此,本出版物可能不适用于一般不影响设施安全的附带承包商,如提供清洁、洗衣和送货服务的承包商。本文件涉及“常规”安全和健康。它不涉及与安全或恐怖主义问题有关的安全问题。页码:26

3rd Edition | October 2011