贸易 - 能源和机会
USMCA Approval Essential to Economic Progress, Energy Security
通过美国 - 墨西哥 - 加拿大协议（USMCA）将使美国天然气和石油工业行业继续提供经济实惠，可靠和更清洁的能源，以北美的经济繁荣。
API Supports Free Trade
全球贸易和投资制度具有至关重要的重要性。自由贸易为业务增长和扩张提供了机会;增加了消费者可用的石油，天然气和其他石油产品的范围;全球增强市场生产;并有助于全球能源合作。API认为这些目的只能通过消除对国际石油和天然气生产商的障碍来实现，培养前出口环境，并通过减少扭曲市场的贸易壁垒并将成本提高消费者的贸易壁垒维持行业部门的水平竞争环境。此外，API还反对第232条的政策措施 - 例如新的关税配额或其他限制美国钢铁和铝的措施 - 这将基于“国家安全”的更广泛的定义。
配额不是答案：The Truth About Tariffs
The U.S. is the world’s largest producer of natural gas and oil. North American energy markets are highly integrated and interdependent. They benefit the United States by expanding the size of our energy markets which create economies of scale that attract private investment, lower capital costs, and reduce energy costs for consumers. NAFTA has played a critical role supporting and growing North American energy integration, interdependence and energy security by eliminating tariffs for crude oil, gasoline, kerosene-type jet fuel and other refined products, and for energy-intensive manufactured goods. The U.S.-Mexico-Canada Agreement (USMCA) retains key provisions of NAFTA that will enable the continued U.S. energy revolution and benefit American consumers.
NAFTA Protects US National Security
US national security interests in Mexico rest on NAFTA and continued, growing access to Mexico’s newly-opened energy market, over our adversaries China and Russia. The right way to enhance US national security interests related to energy in NAFTA is threefold. First, bind Mexico in NAFTA to keep its energy market open to the US by negotiating clear and binding commitments for a US energy presence in Mexico. Second, make a modernized NAFTA permanent and do not continue to negotiate for a “sunset clause.” Finally, strengthen NAFTA’s investment protections and retain Investor-State Dispute Settlement (ISDS). Do not continue to negotiate for eliminating ISDS or an “opt-in/opt-out” ISDS or other weakened investment provisions.
API Trilateral Approach to NAFTA
API, Canadian Association of Petroleum Producers (CAPP) and the Mexican Association of Hydrocarbon Companies (AMEXHI), released two trilateral position papers reiterating the importance of NAFTA, the need to maintain robust investment protections to keep North American energy integration strong, shared support for market-oriented policies and opportunities for commercial growth and job creation. API, CAPP, and AMEXHI work on behalf of international oil and gas member companies to enhance the opportunities for oil and natural gas production and manufacturing and to improve the competitiveness of the industry in North America and in the worldwide economy. The three organizations combined represent over 750 international oil and gas member companies.
API supports a modernized NAFTA that enhances the North America oil and natural gas industry. NAFTA has been successful for North American energy security by allowing for the more efficient flow of energy, spurring economic growth, investment, and job creation in the US. The US must retain its commitment to NAFTA because it is mutually beneficial to all three NAFTA countries. It is fundamental that a modernization process achieves an agreement that preserves the positive impacts of NAFTA to all the three economies, recognizing the importance that energy integration under NAFTA has for the productivity and competitiveness of the region.
强劲的投资保护,包括民、亲mote US interests and enforce fair trade and investment practices by US trade partners. The investment chapter of US free trade agreements (FTAs) such as NAFTA contains a core commitment by the host country to accord investors of the other FTA countries a basic standard of protection that includes non-discrimination, fair and equitable treatment and limits and rules for expropriation. This commitment to a basic standard of protection is backed up by a commitment to ISDS, which allows investors to seek a remedy for alleged violations of that standard in a neutral forum.
API advocates that trade agreements continue to include duty drawback provisions for U.S. manufacturers to obtain a refund (or “drawback”) of duties, taxes and fees that were paid on imported goods used in that manufacturing effort. The drawback of Federal duties, taxes and fees helps U.S. manufacturers, retailers and distributors compete in the global marketplace by reducing the distribution and production costs of U.S. exports.
Current rules of origin force importers to rely solely on producers to supply certificates of origin for the purpose of verifying NAFTA entries. While this is not a problem for Mexico, it is a large problem with Canada, where not all producers issue certificates. This means that importers pay duties on NAFTA entries that should be duty-free per the trade agreement. API supports a solution whereby importers would be able to self-certify NAFTA entries through a series of standard commercial documents with consistent data elements. This modification would save importers millions on unnecessary duties, enhance NAFTA, and provide a more efficient means for importers of Canadian crude and natural gas.