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服务站常见问题解答

How many service stations are there in the United States?

The NACS, the association for convenience and fuel retailing, reports that there are more than 150,000 fueling stations across the United States. 127,588 of these stations are convenience stores selling fuel. The rest are gas-only stations, grocery stores selling fuel, marinas, etc.

Do the major oil companies own all the service stations in this country?

不,根据最新信息,炼油厂拥有150,000个零售站的5%。当车站承担特定的炼油厂的品牌时,并不意味着炼油器拥有或操作车站。绝大多数品牌站由许可的独立零售商拥有和运营,以代表该品牌。根据全国方便店的协会(NACS),超过60%of the retail stations在美国,由拥有单一商店的个人或家庭拥有。通过各种品牌协议,大约36%的美国零售站销售API成员品牌下的燃料。看美国服务站网点摘要.

Who owns the rest of the stations?

Independent owners. They may own just one station, or they could own several stations, or they could own hundreds of stations.

Can these independent owners also sell the major brands of gasoline?

是的。Independents and jobbers can sell gasoline under the brand of one major company or multiple major companies, as well as have their own brand of fuel.

Why is the price of gasoline so much higher in other countries?

Many countries assess higher tax rates and use the revenue for their general fund budget. For example, ten countries in Europe, Belgium, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Italy, the Netherlands, Norway, Sweden, and the United Kingdom assess more than $3 in taxes on every gallon of gasoline,according to the Tax Foundation.

我能做的最好的事情是为了节省汽油?

结合旅行。计划康复,对你开车有多敏感。通过避免不必要的旅行,结合差事和拼车来保护。

When I am behind the wheel, how can I get more miles per gallon?

加速顺利。Jackrabbit开始消耗两次燃料作为逐步开始。另外,你的驾驶。保持恒定速度优于连续加速和放慢速度。慢一点。你开车的速度越快,汽车用途越汽油。每小时65英里的驾驶而不是每小时55英里,每加仑大约两英里减少燃油经济性。

Besides changing driving habits, what can I do to improve vehicle fuel efficiency?

Maintain your vehicle. Have your car tuned regularly, keep air filters clean, and make sure tires are properly inflated. An engine tune-up can improve car fuel economy by an average of one mile per gallon; under-inflated tires can reduce it by that amount. Don’t warm up your car for too long on cold mornings. Experts say that your car only needs a 30 second warm-up before you can start driving in winter. Cool your car responsibly on hot days. Less use of your air conditioner can improve fuel economy by as much as two miles per gallon, but today’s air conditioners create less drag on your engine than driving with the windows down. Also, you should clean out your car—not only will it make it look nicer, but reducing weight can increase fuel efficiency.

我开车的车有所作为吗?

More fuel-efficient vehicles can save gasoline. A highly fuel-efficient vehicle could potentially cut gasoline use in half or more. How much depends on the vehicle and driving habits and needs. If a less fuel-efficient car requires 20 gallons of gasoline a week compared with 10 gallons for a highly fuel-efficient vehicle, more than 500 gallons of gasoline could be saved annually.

What about ethanol?

乙醇含有比汽油的每加仑的能量较少。根据能量信息施用,乙醇的能量含量小于纯汽油的33%。大多数汽油含有约10%的乙醇,但是发动机的一些更高的混合物可能是有问题的,并且可能会使您的保修失效。在填写之前,请务必咨询您的车辆所有者手册。

Can I avoid fuel evaporation and loss by keeping my tank almost full?

它不应该是一个问题。车辆燃料系统的技术变更几乎消除了燃料蒸发损失。

Does it help to fill up in the morning when fuel is cool?

很少。虽然汽油在变得更热(减少给定卷中的能量内容)时,汽油膨胀是真实的,但扩展只是关于一个百分之一for every 15 degrees F. Moreover, storage tanks at gasoline stations are buried several feet underground, helping to insulate fuel and keep temperature relatively constant. The benefits, if any, of filling up in the morning versus the evening would be hard to notice.

How much tax do we pay on a gallon of gasoline?

Federal, state, and local government taxes also contribute to the retail price of gasoline. The federal excise tax is currently 18.3¢ per gallon, and there is an additional Leaking Underground Storage Tank fee of 0.1¢ per gallon. As of July 1, 2017, state taxes on gasoline, including state and local government taxes and fees, averaged 27.3¢ per gallon. County and city taxes can have a significant impact on the price of gasoline in some locations. See the U.S. Energy Information Administration'sGasoline Explained: Factors Affecting Gasoline Prices.

What Does the Government Do with the Money?

传统上,大部分金钱用于建造和修理道路和桥梁。

Do most customers pump their own gasoline?

是的。第一个自助式站在加利福尼亚州1947年开业。自我服务器在20世纪70年代非常流行。到1993年,最近一年是可用的,自我授权占合法的国家所有销售额的88%。

Why are prices posted in fractions?

在20世纪30年代,发布分数价格的概念在20世纪30年代开始,当“折扣”服务站开设并使业主宣布他们的标志出现在前面。要强调折扣,这些独立人士在分数中定价了他们的产品,有时以1/2美分,但通常在9/10。

愿你在所有50个州都抽出自己的天然气吗?

不,新泽西州和俄勒冈州的法律只允许助手泵汽油。所有其他48个国家的客户可能会泵送自己的汽油。

I see gasoline trucks traveling on the road daily. Are they delivering product right from the refinery?

Sometimes, but most often they are delivering fuel to a service station from a bulk terminal that has been supplied by pipeline or marine terminal. As of January 1, 2017, there are 137 refineries operating in the United States. From the refineries, the products are transported to the terminals by barge, truck or pipeline. The majority of the product is moved by underground pipelines and stored in large above-ground storage tanks at1,303 locations全国各地。这些位置称为终端。运输卡车,特别是旨在安全地携带石油产品,在终端拾取产品,并将其送到维修站的地下储罐。

第一台服务站是什么时候建立的?

API’s historical files note that the first "filling" station was opened in Seattle in 1907 by Standard Oil of California, which is now Chevron Co. USA. The "filling" station included a hose that dispensed gasoline directly into the vehicle from an elevated tank. Charles Duryea had invented the gasoline-powered horseless carriage in 1893, but there were few owners in those early years. They purchased gasoline from bulk depots, often in five gallon containers. The industry was transformed in 1908 when Henry Ford mass- produced the first Model T, and many retail locations began selling gasoline at the curb. The first "drive-in" service station opened on December 1, 1913 in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.

I sometimes notice stations closing temporarily and digging up the site. What were they doing?

他们可能做出改进保护the environment, especially against potential leaks from underground storage tanks. By law, older tanks had to be replaced, but newer tanks can be "upgraded" to include improved leak detection systems and protection against future corrosion.

Does this apply only to service stations?

No, the law covers all underground tanks containing petroleum products. Police department, school districts, automobile dealers and many other facilities have underground storage tanks on their property. The only exemptions are farm or residential tanks of 1,100 gallons or less capacity; and residential commercial or industrial heating oil tanks used for consumptive use on the premise where the heating oil is stored.

How do I get more information on this requirement?

TheU.S. Environmental Protection Agency's Office of Underground Storage Tanks已经制作了许多文件解释了要求。

这本法律在书上有多长时间?

Congress passed Subtitle I of the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act in 1984, which required the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency to develop a comprehensive program to protect, detect and correct releases from underground storage tanks. The EPA Office of Underground Tanks was organized to develop the technical standards, and those regulations were issue 4 in September 1988. The low provided for a 10-year phase-in of the requirement, so the work had to be completed by December 1998. The EPA published revised Underground Storage Tank Regulations in 2015.