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Environment

Energy & Communities: Prioritizing Safety, Health and Environmental Stewardship

The oil and gas industry pursues the latest technology and strategies as part of its commitment to environmental stewardship – making sure that as it delivers plentiful energy it’s also protecting public health and the environment. Protection of species, habitats and groundwater are all part of the holistic approach to oil and natural gas development, where every project is designed, managed and operated to identify and address environmental impacts from initial exploration activities to eventual closure.

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Environmental Principles

The members of API are dedicated to continuous efforts to improve the compatibility of their operations with the environment while economically developing energy resources and supplying high quality products and services to consumers.

Our members recognize their responsibility to work with the public, the government, and others to develop and to use natural resources in an environmentally sound manner while protecting the health and safety of our employees and the public.

Clean Air

The petroleum industry is committed to improving air quality, while continuing to meet the energy demands of our nation. Cleaning the air requires a sound scientific understanding of the sources and impacts of air contaminants.

Criteria Air Pollutants

EPA已经开发了健康和福利的立场ards for six air pollutants; collectively called the criteria pollutants. National Ambient Air Quality Standards (NAAQS) have been developed for each of the criteria pollutants: the nitrogen oxides and sulfur oxides, carbon monoxide, lead, ozone and particulate matter.

臭氧

臭氧is one of the criteria air pollutants and is a form of oxygen, the molecule contains three oxygen atoms and has the same chemical structure whether it is found high in the atmosphere or at ground-level. Ozone is unstable, particularly at ground level, and will form when other air contaminates are present in sunlight. The process can reverse at night, meaning ozone levels near the surface often vary greatly during a single day.

颗粒物质

颗粒物质(PM)是另一标准空气污染物,是一种薄薄的微小颗粒混合物,由干燥固体碎片,具有液体涂层的固体核和小液体的液体。这些颗粒的形状,尺寸和化学成分差异很大,并且可以由许多不同的材料组成,例如金属,烟灰,土壤和灰尘。

其他空气标准

还有其他的需求和相关问题clean air. Included are the New Source Performance Standards (NSPS) for the criteria air pollutants. This NSPS apply to new and modified stationary sources. To implement the NAAQS EPA established requirements for states; EPA reviews and approves these State Implementation Plans (SIPs).

Air Toxics

In the 1990 Amendments to the Clean Air Act (CAA), provisions were added to regulate the emissions of about 190 hazardous air pollutants (HAPs) from stationary and mobile sources. To control HAP emissions EPA has established many industry-specific standards, known as National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants, or NESHAPs. A key element of this control program is development of the MACT or Maximum Achievable Control Technology - standards. For new sources, the standard is based on the emission levels achieved by the top-performing similar source. For existing sources, EPA sets standards based on the level of performance achieved by the average of the top-performing 12 percent of similar sources. These are known as the “MACT floor.” Eight years following promulgation of a final rule, EPA evaluates the effectiveness of the standard by conducting conservative air modeling and risk analyses to ensure the public is adequately protected.

空气允许

In the 1990 Amendments to the Clean Air Act (CAA), a federal operating air permit program was established. This was an addition to the existing air permit programs for construction of new and modified facilities. States and local air control programs often run these air permit programs consistent with federal requirements.

干净的水

Clean water is vital to life and its supply is limited, so it must be utilized carefully to be sure it is protected for future generations. API and our members work to ensure the continued availability of high quality water.

Surface Water Quality

水质标准是美国环境保护局(EPA)建议在环境水域中污染物的最大浓度。使用主要是实验室数据来计算这些值,以便在大部分时间保护大部分时间。国家机构将EPA的水质标准或其他国家批准的场地特定标准纳入法律可执行的水质标准。

Soil and Groundwater Research

The API Soil and Groundwater Technical Group provides an expert, multidisciplinary focal point with API to address soil and groundwater issues. The Task Group identifies and defines emerging technical issues , and develops research programs to address these issues.

Aquifer Exemptions

The current regulatory programs for aquifer exemptions are working effectively to protect groundwater as a current and future drinking water source, according to recent reviews.安全饮用水法保护合格的地下饮用水来源。含水层豁免是一个有限的和特殊情况的监管标记 - 只有含水层既不是目前也不是可能的饮用水来源。(参见40CFR§146.4。)仅在严格的申请,审查和审批流程后获得含水层豁免,确保某些监管标准已经满足。这些申请在联邦和/或州级别或部落水平(取决于PRISCACY),然后送到EPA(最终确定)。本文和摘要文献介绍了获取含水层豁免的当前标准,而较长的论文还概述了当前的UIC计划中的灵活性如何充分保护现有和未来的潜在饮用水来源。

节约用水

The oil and natural gas industry practices environmental protection and water conservation as a part of many of their operations. These practices are good for business, of course, but they also help protect and conserve resources. As an example, it is common practice for oil refineries to employ "cogeneration". That means that excess energy from normal operations, either in the form of steam or heat, can be used to create additional electrical power.

Oil Spill Prevention and Response

石油是推动我们世界的重要资源。行业越来越长,以防止溢出以保护我们的环境并保护支持我们经济和生活方式的重要自然资源。

清洁水团体

The Clean Water Issues Group addresses issues concerning regulations dealing with potential industry impacts on surface water quality, including effluents to surface water controlled under EPA’s National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System (NPDES) program.

Climate Change

It is clear that climate change is a serious issue that requires research for solutions and effective policies that allow us to meet our energy needs while protecting the environment: that's why oil and gas companies are working to reduce their greenhouse gas emissions.

能源效率和回收

Find out what the oil and natural gas industry is doing through initiatives discussed below, and what you can do to conserve natural resources including energy and water.

Environmental Performance

美国石油和天然气工业可靠地提供了我们国家每天都需要我们的家园,燃料我们的汽车,将食品和商品带到市场上,烹饪食物。这归功于努力工作和致力于支持石油和天然气工业的1030万男性和妇女。但这些创新的工人也开发了以保护地球的方式提供这种能量的创造性方式。这是因为,像你一样,我们都希望享受优质的生活方式可靠的能源,提供干净,安全,健康的环境。我们还了解我们分享的环境 - 我们都呼吸的空气,我们都喝水和我们都享受的土地 - 是我们生活质量的另一个重要元素。通过严谨的控制和技术创新,我们正在更好地提供更好的自然环境。

公司报告

The oil and natural gas industry's record of performance provides detailed information in three areas: environmental performance, health and safety performance, and social and economic performance.

Environmental Stewardship

The members of API are dedicated to continuous efforts to improve the compatibility of their operations with the environment while economically developing energy resources and supplying high quality products and services to consumers.

Our members recognize their responsibility to work with the public, the government, and others to develop and to use natural resources in an environmentally sound manner while protecting the health and safety of our employees and the public.

Recommended Lighting Practices

二叠纪盆地石油协会,德克萨斯石油和天然气协会,美国石油研究所,大学土地和麦当劳天文台的协作努力

黑暗天空对德克萨斯大学麦克唐纳天文台进行的天文学研究至关重要。在德克萨斯州德克萨斯州的二叠系盆地的天然气和石油工业知之甚少,它在减少夜光污染方面发挥的关键作用 - 不仅有利于天文台,而是增加其工人和周围社区的安全性。