Does fracking cause flaming water faucets?
No. This is a well-traveled mythology, so let’s take a closer look. First, naturally occurring methane has been well documented all across the country – and for many years prior to drilling.
在密歇根州，自然发生的甲烷被记录在其中20世纪60年代, and in Pennsylvania in the20世纪80年代– decades before hydraulic fracturing and shale development came to those states. TwoU.S. Geological Survey studiesfound lots of methane in Pennsylvania and New York water wells prior to any drilling. Another同行评审研究examining 1,700 Pennsylvania water wells in both natural gas-producing and non-gas producing areas determined that “methane is ubiquitous in groundwater” in the region.
There have been efforts to debunk the fracking/flaming faucet myth. The documentary“Truthland”突出纽约居民落在火上，迎接他的水 - 同时指出该州多年来一直有震惊的暂停。另一个纪录片，“FrackNation,”有三个叫做的美国城镇“Burning Springs,”because residents can ignite their water on fire. All got their names long before “fracking” ever became a household word. One of these is in the Niagara Falls, N.Y., region, where one visitor, D.W. Clark, observed in 1845:
一对抗液压压裂薄膜描绘了照明他们的水的土地所有者，但它在这些病例中确定了甲烷与压裂无关。涉及调查状态调节剂确定甲烷的科罗拉多案“not related to oil and gas activity,”but to the landowner drilling his water well through several natural gas-bearing rock zones.
Another showed a Parker County, Texas, landowner lighting the end of his garden hose. But a state investigation determined that the landowner had hooked up his hose to a gas vent, not a water line. A state district judge later ruled this created a “deceptive video” intended to scare other residents and to attract the EPA’s attention. Texas regulators looked into the case and found that the methane “signature” indicated it came from a shallower zone into which several water wells had been drilled – not from the Barnett Shale from which companies have been producing natural gas.