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产品管理

API的产品管理活动和计划支持石油和天然气行业对该行业环境,健康和安全绩效的共同责任。

API产品管理计划的一个组成部分是API赞助的研究。API,其成员公司和其他人使用API​​研究,以保护其设施周围的工人和社区,并经常受到其类似努力的监管机构。

正在进行的计划包括:

  • HPV Chemical Challenge Program
  • 战略健康研究
    • 硫化氢

美国石油研究所向TSCA CDR报告石油物质的指导
这个小册子凸显了铁w key features about petroleum substances that will help you accurately complete submissions for 2012 under the Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA) Chemical Data Reporting (CDR) Rule. This brochure will assist you in (1) reporting petroleum substances to the CDR; (2) choosing the correct CAS Number(s); and (3) identifying the partial reporting exemptions for certain petroleum process streams.


高产量(HPV)化学挑战计划

开发了HPV挑战计划,以收集和发布关于HPV化学品的健康和​​环境危害信息(定义为美国EPA上市的等于或超过每年100万英镑的化学品。

该计划产生的信息is now available to the public, fulfilling the commitment of EPA and the chemical and oil and natural gas industries to the public's right to know. A publicly available database is also being developed, and will be filled over the next several years with summaries of existing and new information on the hazardous characteristics of each chemical. With this information, EPA and others will then be able to better characterize the potential for adverse effects on plant, animal, and human health and the environment. EPA has stated that the availability of this information is vitally important to the public so that citizens better understand the chemical hazards in their communities, workplaces, and homes.


石油和天然气行业的作用

In response to EPA’s HPV Challenge Program, the oil and natural gas industry formed the Petroleum HPV Testing Group consortium. API administered the consortium, which is made up of 60 member companies representing 92 percent of the nation’s refinery capacity. The Petroleum HPV Testing Group is pleased to voluntarily sponsor chemicals used or manufactured by our industry.

该联盟促进了收购现有信息和开发新数据,以便向公众提供有关石油工业生成或进口的HPV物质的信息。石油HPV检测组与EPA,其他贸易协会和非政府组织合作,使用最佳科学手段履行HPV挑战。

附加信息


战略健康研究

API的健康研究活动和计划支持石油和天然气行业对该行业环境,健康和安全绩效的共同责任承诺。API研究支持的各种计划由API,其成员公司和其他人使用,以保护其设施周围的工人和社区,并且经常被监管机构用于类似的努力。


硫化氢Research

Hydrogen sulfide (H2S) is a naturally occurring substance that may be found in natural gas or crude oil. H2S can also be a by-product that occurs when certain chemical reactions take place (such as in a swamp or an animal’s digestive tract). The oil and natural gas industry takes numerous measures to protect our workers and the general public from any dangers associated with H2S. The odor of H2S is noticeable at very low levels – as little as 1/10,000th of the amount that could pose a significant health risk. But while the smell can be unpleasant, the odor itself is not cause for health concerns.

API对H2S的健康效果具有长期兴趣,并对对象进行了大量研究。最近关于H2S的研究摘要可以在2000年10月31日至11月2日,伍德尔通用州斯文普尔,格兰维尔GC的硫化氢卫生研究和风险评估研讨会中找到了对H2S的研究。毒蛇。2005年10月17日(11):593-639。


苯研究

苯是原油的天然存在的原油和许多石油产品的组成部分。它在美国电机汽油的平均浓度约为0.8%。这种物质受到监管机构的许多关注,因为苯已被归类为已知的人类致癌物,并导致暴露于高浓度的工人身上的血液疾病(白血病)。API对苯的研究开发关于关键苯风险问题的强大科学信息。这种数据适用于所有环境媒体(空气,水和固体废物),在风险管理和沟通中使用,以及与政府监管机构的讨论期间。

API对苯的健康效果具有长期兴趣,并支持对该主题的大量研究。最近关于苯的研究摘要可以找到苯2009 - Health Effects and Mechanisms of Bone Marrow Toxicity。邦德贾和米饭JM,编辑。Chem Biol相互作用。2010年3月10日;第184卷,第1-2号。


到达 - API成员的指南

这new European Union (EU) Registration, Evaluation, Authorization (and Restriction) of Chemicals (REACH) regulation came into force on June 1, 2007. The regulation sets out new requirements for chemicals and substances manufactured within or imported into the EU. The API REACH Guidance attached below discusses (1) the general requirements of REACH, (2) the business impact of REACH on industry and (3) oil and gas trade association activities to prepare for REACH. The Guidance also includes links to REACH compliance information.


全球化学管理

API支持SAICM的中心旨在以高效且经济高效的方式在国际层面安全地制造化学品和管理。API是通过制定有关选择性SAICM举措的行业职位,与美国环境保护署(EPA)和其他(包括化学工业)协调,并直接在SAICM过程中作为全球化学管理的重要利益攸关方。

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安全数据表:石油工业实践

本文件介绍了石油工业公司如何为危险沟通而发育和分发安全数据表(SDSS或MSDS)的摘要。

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化学安全指导

这U.S. Chemical Safety and Hazard Investigation Board (CSB) following its investigation of an explosion at the Barton Solvents distribution facility in Valley Center, Kansas concluded that the most likely cause of the explosion was a static spark resulting from a loosely-linked level-measuring float within the tank.

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