跳到主要内容

raybet足球滚球

API组装了信息名称,以表明石油和天然气行业在美国经济和生活质量方面发挥的积分作用。

Powering America Past Impossible

API’s graphics primer on important industry issues – spanning global economics and oil markets, natural gas markets and key factors to sustain and grow America’s natural gas and oil revolution.

能源与社区

安全,健康和保护人们,environment and communities are top priorities for the natural gas and oil industry. Today, natural gas and oil not only power our lives but are the building blocks for so many of the products that make modern life possible. Across the board – from workplace safety, to air emissions or the safety of transporting our products – there is an important story of constant improvement, investment in the future and technological innovation. Through continuous innovation and best practices development, the oil and gas industry has demonstrated a commitment to developing our natural resources while protecting the health of communities and the environment. As a result, the industry has laid the groundwork for the American people – as consumers, workers and citizens alike – to reap enormous benefits from this energy renaissance. From individual savings to nationwide energy security, the natural gas and oil industry has set the country on a sustainable course towards a brilliant future.

Earnings in Perspective

石油和天然气工业是巨大的,因为它必须有效地争夺全球能源。该行业的收益使得有可能有​​助于确保美国能源安全所需的巨额投资。盈利允许公司重新投资,以便在符合股东预期的回报时保持美国将未来保持良好的设施,基础设施和新技术。API组装了这一底漆,以帮助消费者和政策制定者更好地了解石油和天然气工业的收入如何与其他行业相比,他们的福利以及货币正在进行的地方。

Read the articles online athttp://www.whoownsbigoil.com

Energy & Taxes

Affordable and available energy benefits consumers and supports a wide range of jobs for everyday Americans. Given the reliance of the U.S. economy on energy, tax policy targeting one type of energy over another creates negative impacts and other unintended effects.

For detailed policy information,read our articlesunder the News, Policy & Issues section.

阿拉斯加 - 能源状态

As it did a quarter century ago, Alaska today offers the U.S. an opportunity to increase domestic oil supply. Harnessing that opportunity in the 1970s helped increase U.S. energy security. Today, given estimates that the world’s energy needs will keep rising well into the future, the value of Alaskan energy could be even greater than it was 25 years ago. Unfortunately, largely because of federal policies, this opportunity is not being seized, but squandered.

Read the articles online athttp://www.energyandalaska.com

什么是压裂?

什么是压裂?液压压裂的速度速度是速度,这类钻孔已经在商业上使用了65岁。如今,采用尖端技术的先进水力压裂和水平钻井的组合主要负责汹涌的美国油和天然气生产。

Hydraulic fracturing involves safely tapping shale and other tight-rock formations by drilling a mile or more below the surface before gradually turning horizontal and continuing several thousand feet more. Thus, a single surface site can accommodate a number of wells. Once the well is drilled, cased and cemented, small perforations are made in the horizontal portion of the well pipe, through which a typical mixture of water (90 percent), sand (9.5 percent) and additives (0.5 percent) is pumped at high pressure to create micro-fractures in the rock that are held open by the grains of sand. Additives play a number of roles, including helping to reduce friction (thereby reducing the amount of pumping pressure from diesel-powered sources, which reduces air emissions) and prevent pipe corrosion, which in turn help protect the environment and boost well efficiency.

Why is fracking for natural gas important?

It’s local, it’s affordable, and it’s abundant. Today, with the high unemployment rate nationwide and an unpredictable economy, it’s important to have affordable and local fuel sources. Expensive oil keeps the cost of natural gas appealing and decreases our dependency on foreign fuel sources. American fuel, “coast to coast and together with supplies from Canada …

What’s the difference between wastewater disposal and “fracking”?

液压压裂或压裂是一种先进的技术,用于在钻井完成后从井中增强能量流动,这就是为什么压裂被称为“完成过程”。通过将水,沙子和某些添加剂的混合物送入深层岩层来进行该方法进行。

What chemicals are used in fracking?

It’s often the most hotly debated question in the quest for natural gas. Much of the argument against natural gas drilling – known as fracking – is that the chemicals used during the process could have detrimental effects on the surrounding environment. The chemicals that gas companies use – which can include water, sand, salt, …

What are alternatives to make fracking less impactful?

While what is in fracking fluid can be harmful to the environment, it is not properly contained, there are new alternatives that could reduce the amount of waste that is typically associated with hydraulic fracturing. As Brian Nearing of the Times Union and Anthony Brino of InsideClimate News report, the treat to water resources that …

I’ve heard that hydraulic fracturing is linked to cancer. Is that true?

The best available science shows that hydraulic fracturing does not have an impact on cancer rates. A 2013 peer-reviewed study – Childhood Cancer Incidence in Pennsylvania Counties – found that childhood cancer rates were not elevated in areas with hydraulic fracturing. A 2012 Associate Press article reported, “David Risser, an epidemiologist with the Texas Cancer …

液压压裂使用多少水?

The average fracking job uses roughly 4 million gallons of water per well – or about as much water as New York City uses every six minutes and about 1.3 percent of the water used by the country’s car washes every day. That can vary by state, because the amount of water used in each …

在液压压裂过程中如何保护地下水?

In every oil and natural gas well that’s fracked, multiple layers (and millions of pounds) of steel pipe casing and concrete isolate the well bore from groundwater supplies. In most cases, the horizontal section of the well can be a mile or more below the groundwater layer. These construction methods, strict federal and state regulations …

压裂是否导致火焰水龙头?

No. This is a well-traveled mythology, so let’s take a closer look. First, naturally occurring methane has been well documented all across the country – and for many years prior to drilling. In Michigan, naturally occurring methane was documented in the 1960s, and in Pennsylvania in the 1980s – decades before hydraulic fracturing and shale …

有多少就业机会创造了石油和天然气工业?

Industry supports 9.8 million jobs or 5.6 percent of total U.S. employment, according to PwC. In 2012, the unconventional oil and natural gas value chain and energy-related chemicals activity together supported more than 2.1 million jobs, according to IHS – a number that’s projected to reach 3.9 million by 2025. Rapid growth in oil production …

Does hydraulic fracturing cause earthquakes?

The National Research Council recently found that the “process of hydraulic fracturing a well as presently implemented for shale gas recovery does not pose a high risk for inducing felt seismic events.” Stanford University geophysicist Mark Zoback echoed these comments in 2012 in testimony to the U.S. Senate Committee on Energy and Natural Resources, stating …

什么是压裂神话?

Some say the fracking debate is over, while others think the debate is just getting started. Those who think the debate is just getting started believe fracking causes earthquakes and contaminates drinking water. Many people believe the states are doing a poor job of regulating the fracking process. However, these arguments are nothing but myths. Here are 5 fracking facts to prove the debate is over.

天然气是替代能源

天然气是一种替代和天然的能量形式,可用于取代传统化石燃料(汽油和柴油)。使用天然气将有助于减少释放到大气中的有害发射量。

What are the claims of anti-fracking activists?

According to the Associated Press, claims regarding natural gas drilling and the effect it has on health and air quality are based on inaccurate and misleading science. Researchers confirm that the claims relating fracking to breast cancer rates are “just plain false.”

What does EPA say about water contamination?

The results of a five-year study conducted by the Environmental Protection Agency demonstrate conclusively that safe fracking – and its associated operational components – does not threaten our drinking water …

解锁美洲自然资源

清洁燃烧天然气对美国制造业工作至关重要,对肥料的农民,供暖和烹饪的家庭,为交通需求的电力和燃料的企业,以及社会,以帮助解决气候变化的临疑,因为它的碳酸含量低。

Read the articles online athttp://www.hydraulicfracturing.com

Naaqs的事实

API has assembled a primer to show the how the EPA’s current regulations are working and the United States is leading the world in reducing emissions. New standards could significantly damage the economy by imposing unachievable emission targets on almost every part of our country, including rural and undeveloped areas.

For detailed policy information,read our articlesunder the News, Policy & Issues section.

American Energy is American Progress

All too often today’s important policy discussions revolve around abstractions and devolve into unproven assertions based on political ideology rather than facts. Fortunately, when it comes to the best way forward on American energy policy, we know what works, because it is today’s reality.

Climate Change & Energy

Right now, the United States is leading the world in the production and refining of oil and natural gas, as well as in the reduction of GHG emissions. CO22016年发电的排放近于30年的低点,大部分是由于较大的天然气。并增加了发电领域的天然气的使用有助于减少总有限公司2emissions to their lowest level in nearly 25 years. This proves that Americans do not have to make the false choice between utilizing our nation’s energy resources and protecting the environment.

Read the articles online athttp://www.climatechangeandenergy.com.

能源为美国工作

When America’s energy industry thrives, our country thrives. Energy growth equals economic growth. Today we face a far different energy future than was imaginable just a few years ago. An energy future in which the U.S. is the world’s largest producer of natural gas and could soon be the largest producer of crude oil.

LNG Exports

LNG, or liquefied natural gas, is a clear, odorless, noncorrosive, nontoxic liquid that is formed when natural gas is cooled to around -260 F. This shrinks the volume by about 600 times, making the resource easier to store and transport through marine shipments. LNG is not stored under pressure and is not explosive or flammable in its liquid state, and it cannot be released rapidly enough to cause overpressures associated with explosions.

Read the articles online athttp://www.lngebxports.com.

解锁美国的离岸能源

API has assembled a primer to show the how access to domestic sources of oil and natural gas would create new, good jobs when millions are still looking for work; bring billions of dollars to federal and state treasuries as governments are scrambling for revenue; reduce our balance of trade, and enhance America’s energy security.

The Offshore Energy We Need

More total energy will be needed both in the United States and globally. The U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) forecasts U.S. energy demand will grow by 12 percent between 2012 and 2040, with more than 60 percent of the energy demand expected to be met by oil and natural gas, as is the case today. The United States is at the beginning of an energy revolution with domestic production reaching levels not seen in decades and our energy imports are falling. But in order to ensure our energy security and create economic growth it is vital that we take advantage of all of our energy resources, including those safely developed in American waters.

When You Look For Resources You Find Them

When oil and natural gas companies are allowed to look for oil and natural gas: They find it, and the statistics become more than just guesses or estimates.

地震调查:为什么和如何

离岸seismic surveys use compressed air to create sound waves that reflect back to the surface.

离岸地震调查:安全,科学和研究

海洋地震勘探由联邦政府仔细监管,并由运营商管理,以避免影响海洋动物。

离岸安全和技术标准

Delivering offshore energy to the American people is safer than ever as a result of industry’s leadership and continuous investments in safety.

可再生燃料标准

While the United States has made important climate progress and increased its energy security largely apart from RFS contributions, the RFS itself continues to have difficulties that could impact consumers and the overall economy.

Read the articles online athttp://www.filluponfacts.com/

U.S. Crude Exports

消费者是第一个受益于自由贸易的人之一,而原油也不例外。汽油成本与全球市场联系;额外的原油出口可能有助于增加供应,对泵的价格向下压力,并在家中创造更多的工作。访问国外客户可以推动大量的美国生产投资,帮助加强我们的能源安全。

What's Up With Gasoline Prices

汽油和柴油价格的变化反映原油价格的变化。这些变化是通过全球原油市场确定原油和供应原油的需求。

Read the articles online athttp://www.gaspriceSxplation.com.for more information.

Crude Oil & Product Markets

After decades of decline, crude oil production in the United States has recently been increasing rapidly. Horizontal drilling and multistage hydraulic fracturing are now utilized to access oil and natural gas resources from shale rock formations that were previously either technically impossible or uneconomic to produce.

天然气市场

Natural gas is an attractive fuel because it is clean burning and efficient, and ample supplies of natural gas are available from domestic resources. Recently, natural gas production in the U.S. has increased substantially due to technological advancements in natural gas extraction methods.

Read the articles online athttp://www.naturalgassolution.org