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Refinery & Plant Safety

API members are committed to protecting the health and safety of their workers and the community. To this end, the refining industry has made significant investments in programs, training, standards and practices, and equipment that have led to occupational and process safety performance improvements. These investments continue as part of the industry’s overall continuous improvement effort.

API has developed and maintains more than 180 refining safety and operationalstandards and recommended practicesunder its American National Standards Institute (ANSI) accredited program. API and its member companies are committed to ensuring that all industry standards contain the latest science and technologies, they recognize proven industry practices and incorporate lessons-learned from past incidents and near misses. These standards have been incorporated by reference into Federal, State and International regulations. These resources are published and updated to reflect the latest science, technologies and enhanced practices and procedures.点击here查看通过引用合并的API文档的只读副本。必须创建一个帐户才能访问,但一旦创建,就可以查看所有帐户。

API成员公司也遵守安全规定。例如,职业安全与健康管理局(OSHA)过程安全管理(PSM)是作为《清洁空气法》修正案的一部分而制定的一项综合性联邦法规,该法规要求劳工部和环境保护协会(EPA)颁布一项安全标准,以防意外释放可能对员工构成威胁。石油行业担心,将PSM应用于低危害石油作业,包括陆上生产和常压储罐,将给炼油厂和陆上生产设施带来巨大的监管负担。

API帮助成员公司参与与OSHA和EPA法规以及州和地方各级法规相关的宣传、教育和意识。美国石油学会还与美国化学安全委员会等其他政府机构合作,以支持安全的总体任务。

美国石油学会与美国化学委员会、美国燃料和石化制造商以及美国国家消防协会等其他组织合作,开展宣传、标准、共同项目等工作。

这些努力正在改善美国炼油厂和工厂的安全。炼油厂员工five times less likely to be injured on the jobthan workers in other manufacturing sectors, and the refining industry’s rate is steadily trending downward. From 2008 to 2017, the refining sector has seen a steady decrease in job-related nonfatal injuries and illnesses (from 1.1 to 0.7 per 100 full time workers). API is proud of its membership’s commitment to safety performance and improvement.

了解更多有关API成员公司如何确保炼油厂工人安全的信息。

Fire Protection

Refineries and plants have specialized fire safety needs. API strongly supports the principles of fire prevention as elements for personnel and property protection in the petroleum industry. Prevention programs provide the most effective means of ensuring personnel safety. API provides a forum for its members to share information and develop industry standards to advance safety and loss prevention programs. Currently, API maintains about 30 safety and fire protection standards and recommended practices.

职业安全

API经营炼油厂和工厂的成员支持促进安全、健康、高效和环保实践的使命,特别是在涉及职业安全时。当完成进入受限空间或高空作业等任务时,必须格外小心。通过API安全与消防小组,为成员提供了一个论坛,以分享信息和制定行业标准,促进这些关键工作以及其他工作的最佳实践,确保员工安全和环境得到保护。此外,该小组致力于向职业安全与健康管理局和其他相关政府机构提供有关实施和管理职业安全的实际方法的意见。

工艺安全

API成员公司致力于以保护其员工、参与其运营的其他人、客户和公众的安全和健康的方式开展业务。过程安全是安全管理的一部分,关注重大危害、安全、环境破坏和商业损失。工艺安全管理的目标是开发工厂系统和程序,以防止可能点燃和引起毒性影响、局部火灾或爆炸的有害排放。