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能源效率和回收

Find out what the oil and natural gas industry is doing through initiatives discussed below, and what you can do to conserve natural resources including energy and water.

你可以做什么

以下是一些关于如何在您的车辆和家中使用能源的建议。

Fuel Saving Tips for Drivers

我们依靠我们的车来让我们在我们想去的地方,我们想去哪里。这种自由感对我们来说很重要,但我们还希望我们确定我们尽最大努力为后代陪伴自然资源。

以下是您可以采取的一些简单步骤来满足这些目标。
  • 有你的车经常调整。发动机调整可以将汽车燃料经济性平均每加仑1英里提高。
  • 保持轮胎正确充气。溢出的疲惫可以将燃料经济性降低至每加仑1英里。
  • 慢一点。你开车的速度越快,汽车用途越汽油。每小时65英里的驾驶,每小时55英里,减少燃油经济性约2英里。
  • 避免jackrabbit开始。突然开始需要大约两倍的汽油作为逐渐开始。
  • 你的驾驶。不必要的加速,放缓和停止可以将燃料经济性降低到每加仑2英里。保持警惕并稳步推动,不规则。保持合理,安全距离汽车前方,并预测交通状况。
  • 谨慎使用您的空调。在某些速度和操作条件下,空调的使用可以将燃油经济性降低多达2升2升。
  • Plan your trips in advance. Combine short trips into one to do all your errands. Avoid traveling during rush hours if possible, to reduce fuel-consumption patterns such as starting and stopping and numerous idling periods. Consider joining a car pool.

回收使用的油

汽车对我们大多数人来说是一个不可或缺的生活事实。通过负责任地运营和维护我们的车辆,我们可以平衡我们对便于运输和干净健康的环境的愿望。更多的...

切割能源票据的提示

Here are a few steps you can take to make your home more energy efficient, thereby reducing your heating and cooling bills, and conserving resources at the same time.

门和窗户

  • 检查泄漏和草稿,并根据需要添加天气剥离。
  • 在窗户上安装窗帘。

Furnaces and water heaters

  • 用新的高效型号替换效率低下炉和热水器。
  • If buying a new furnace, do not get one larger than you need.
  • 将热水锅炉包裹在绝缘夹克中。
  • 强制空气炉上清洁过滤器。

Insulation

  • 绝缘较旧的未绝缘的房屋。
  • 如果您的家已经有了一些绝缘,请考虑在地下室或爬行空间上增加阁楼和绝缘层的绝缘量。

Miscellaneous

  • 安装低流量淋浴头。
  • Install a thermostat that will automatically lower nighttime temperatures.
  • Use ceiling fans to circulate air in the house, keeping the air mixed.
  • 未使用的壁炉中的密封槽。
  • 开展您家的“能源审核”以评估您的加热系统的效率,并确定可能发生热量损失的位置。许多燃料经销商和公用事业提供商将这些审核提供作为免费服务。您还可以在互联网上进行自己的家庭能源审计,以便在:www.homeenergysaver.lbl.gov.并遵循在那里找到的说明。

石油和天然气行业正在通过倡议做些什么

汇集的用油被发现是保护的关键

This学习2010年评估加利福尼亚州的二手石油发电。但其主要课程和调查结果与其他时间段,国家和国家有关。特别是,研究得出结论:
  • 二手石油管理系统的影响大大影响了使用的含水量和不正确地处理的油;
  • 增加收集导致影响减少;
  • 对于给定的收集率,用于二手油的替代性倾向(有益用途)的环境影响和所取得的益处对若干关键因素非常敏感 - 特别是由废油管理系统的那些置换的原始产品的混合
  • 使用的污染水平,特别是对于回收的燃料油燃烧(RFO被用油燃烧,通常具有最小预处理);和
  • 在所有条件下,没有单个配置表现出始终如一的影响,并且通常从增加的收集中流动的更大益处,而不是改变性格。

见完成:汇集的用油被发现是保护的关键

Recycling Catalysts Saves Energy and Protects the Environment

The petroleum industry uses valuable metals in the production of fuels. These metals are incorporated in "catalysts" which are materials used to make the chemistry of oil refining more energy efficient and selective in producing fuels to the desired characteristics. Once these catalysts no longer are as effective as necessary, it is time to remove them from service and replace. Refineries utilize catalysts that are "reclaimed", the metals reused to make new catalysts. Some of the catalysts instead have the metals extracted and used for new purposes. For example, a nickel catalyst can be processed into nickel again, eventually becoming part of the shining new stainless steel refrigerator.

每次都重复使用或回收它意味着不需要扩展矿井,更加努力地工作,或者使用铁路和卡车将其交给市场。所有采矿阶段使用燃料并导致污染。从而循环回收许多股息,不仅节省了有价值的东西,而且降低了能源利用和环境压力。

通过电力电机保存

石油和天然气工业练习环境保护和水资源作为其许多运营的一部分。当然,这些做法对于业务有益,但它们也有助于保护和保护资源。例如,炼油厂采用“热电联产”是常规做法。这意味着可以使用来自正常操作的过量能量,无论是蒸汽还是热量,都可用于产生额外的电力。这提高了效率,并且可以导致水别保护,因为热电联产的水要求通常小于燃煤锅炉或蒸汽冷凝涡轮机产生的相同功率。所生产的电能,无论是炼油厂使用(减少可能放在电力公司的电气需求)或销售给电力公司(增加可用电力),因系统更高效地使用较少的水。例如,炼油厂的600万加仑(MGD)水摄入量可能支持525兆瓦(兆瓦或MW,MW为一百万瓦)的热电联产,而不是超过14 MGD生成燃煤锅炉525兆瓦,在商业发电厂中的冷凝涡轮机。利用造成相同数量的电力的一半水是对环境,消费者和炼油厂的有价值的节省。这是良好的业务如何使每个人都受益。

水资源保护和天然气生产。

In arid desert regions, water conservation becomes a high priority for business, operational, and environmental reasons. For example, one API member with natural gas production operations in Southeastern New Mexico reported in its Sustainable Global Performance report that it is using innovative water treatment technology to conserve fresh groundwater. Water treatment technology is being used to remove hydrogen sulfide gas that is entrained in water that is produced in conjunction with natural gas production. The treated water is then used in the company’s drilling operations, thereby reducing the amount of fresh groundwater that has to be used. This use of treatment technology provides an innovative solution for beneficially reusing produced water. Before using this water treatment technique, the company had to re-inject all waters produced during its natural gas production into a non-producing formation for disposal. During 2000, this water treatment system reduced the company’s use of fresh groundwater by about 4 million gallons. This initiative is helping to ensure that fresh groundwater is available for future residential and agricultural needs in southeastern New Mexico.